EACH TYPE OF DRINK HAS ITS OWN TYPE OF GLASSES
WHAT IS CRYSTAL?
Crystal is a type of glass that contains at least 24% lead oxide. In the language of jewelers, this addition provides a “play of light” andincreases the plasticity of the material – all this makes it possible to exposecrystal to cutting and carving. Such procedures allowcrystal, like precious stones, to express its beauty more fully.
Crystal got its name by analogy to mountain crystal, whose name, in turn, comes from the Greek word” crystallos”, which translates as “ice”. Crystal creation was practiced in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia at the dawn of glass production. However, the crystal in its current form was obtained as late as1676 by the English master George Ravenscroft.
WHAT IS CRYSTAL, AND HOW IS IT DIFFERENT FROM GLASS?
Crystal is an eternal timeless classic that fills every apartment with its radiance both on weekdays and holidays. The fashion for crystal has not passed for many years.
Crystal is one of the indicators of the standard of living, as well as the object of luxury and special attention of collectors.
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN CRYSTAL AND GLASS
Crystal and glass are two materials made using completely different technologies and different materials. It is these two factors that determine the differences between them, including in terms of price.
First, glass and crystal have different thermal conductivity. Glass is warmer to touch and quickly heats up in hands, and crystal cools the skin.
Secondly, crystal is much stronger. You can break it, but it’s harder. When broken,glass breaks up into large pieces, andcrystal breaks up into small fragments. Over time, glass contains scratches, cracks and matting. This is not the case with crystal.
In addition, if you look at an object through glass, the image will be slightly enlarged. On the other hand, crystal will bifurcate an object without magnification.
Finally, crystal, unlike glass, has a distinctive sound. When two pieces of crystal touch, there is a prolonged, long-sounding boom. Glass emits only a dull sound.
All of the above factors make crystal an expensive collector’s item. When making crystal products, they are always decorated with engraving, carefully polished, and gold and matting are used for their decoration.
Most people serving a festive table faced such a problem as choosing the “right” glass for a particular type of alcohol. And this is not surprising because many of us do not appreciate the importance of choosing the right dish, thereby depriving ourselves of a significant amount of pleasure. Dishes are one of the most important elements of the culture of alcohol consumption. Good cognac and wine need a well-chosen glass-just like any, even the most expensive diamond, needs a good grind. Glass is a kind of prism that breaks down, through which the drink appears before us according to the intentions of the winemaker.
SIZE AND SHAPE FEATURES
Dishes for alcohol can have different shapes: apple-shaped, tulip-shaped, simple, unfolded. For example, apple-and tulip-shaped glasses allow you to fully extract the aroma of wine or cognac. Thick and ripe wines are poured into them. The direction of the drink to the appropriate taste buds on the tongue depends on the shape of the vessel. For example, the “sweet” taste of a tongue is its tip, and the “bitter” taste is its back. The flavors “sour” and “salty” are located in the middle. The shape of the glass forces us to hold our heads to make wine more convenient to drink. Wide and open glasses force us to sip wine in small sips, and narrow glasses cause us to drink wine with a pushed back head. Thus, the drink goes to different taste zones.
What matters is not only the shape of the glass itself but also its legs. Hot drink glasses have a tall, straight leg. The short-stemmed glasses are designed for chilled drinks and wines.
The general principle of selection of accessories for alcoholic beverages is as follows:you need large glasses for red wines (120-150 G, medium glasses for white wines (65-90 G) and small glasses for spirits. After pouring the drink into glasses, the evaporation process begins. The lightest scents-flowers and fruits-reach the edge of the glass. The product is filled with plant, earthy and mineral aromas. The heaviest smells – alcohol and wood-remain at the bottom.
A decanteris a glass or crystal vessel into which wine is poured before serving. During decantation, the process of aeration takes place, that is the saturation of wines with oxygen, the smoothing of crisp tones, the taste becomes nobler and more saturated.
The wine is poured gently along the wall of the vessel until about two or three tablespoons of the drink remain in the bottle. This will separate the wine from the sediment, which inevitably occurs in mature wines and quite often in the young ones.
Decant the wine! This is much more correct than serving wine on the table directly in the bottle, both in terms of taste and aesthetics!
In restaurants, wine glasses are selected not only in terms of volume but also in shape. After all, wine is the noblest drink, the aroma of which is fully revealed only in a glass with a desired shape.
Glasses stand out in the shape of an apple, tulip, straight and convex (developed).
Apples and tulips are preferred for serving dense, extractive and mature wines with a complex bouquet. Simple and convex (developed) glasses are used to serve young white and pink wines, the bouquet of which is less intense.
For serving vermouth and other fortified and dessert wines that are good as an aperitif, small and simple acorn-shaped glasses with a capacity of 75-90 ml are preferred.
White wine glasses should have a small bowl and a fairly high leg because white wines are drunk chilled. The small volume of the glass (100 ml) makes the wine drink faster and does not heat up in the glass. For white wines, simple and slightly elongated glasses are preferred. For mature white wines, small tulip-shaped glasses can be used.
The dimensions of rosé wine glasses are the same as for white wines because rosé wine is also drunk chilled. Rosé wines are usually young, fresh and sparkling, so the edges of the glasses must be developed.
Red wine glasses are usually shaped like an apple or a tulip. To get the best taste of red wines, these glasses often have a large capacity (200-300 ml) and are half full. The height of the red wine glass can be lower than the height of the white wine glass with a much larger capacity. Red wines are drunk at room temperature, so the height of the stem of the glass does not matter much.
In the case of champagne, there are two types of glasses that are not alike: flute and coupe de Champagne. Flute (translated from English “flute”) is a tall and thin glass with a long foot. Its volume is about 180 ml. Narrowness and height help to bring out the complex taste of the drink. Light and fresh champagne, dry or brut, should be drunk from the glasses of this shape.
In this case, a pleasant tingling sensation from the bubbles comes to the fore. In any case, the champagne is poured into long-stemmed glasses. This is done specifically so that the hand does not touch the glass and does not heat it-they drink chilled champagne. This glass allows you to see the game of bubbles, and at the same time, thanks to the narrow neck, it does not allow the foamy cap to disappear too quickly. The glasses are filled with champagne no more than half to fully reveal the taste and aroma of the drink.
The margarita glass is shaped like a kremanka. In addition to the Margarita cocktail and its varieties, this glass can serve as a Daiquiri cocktail, as well as other tropical cocktails with a low alcohol content
The martini and cocktail glass can be recognized at a glance: it has a triangular shape and a long, thin leg. Volume-180-200 ml. In addition to martinis, cocktails that do not require the addition of ice are also served.
Martini cocktail glass. The vessel (martini glass, cocktail glass) is intended for chilled drinks without ice. It is also called a cocktail glass, which is called “martini”. This drink is served in this particular dish. It is designed for frozen cocktails of medium volume. Ice is completely unacceptable for this shape. Don’t use this glass for your own drinks. Despite the name, this is unacceptable even for vermouth martini. The vessel can be easily distinguished visually. The glass walls form the widest funnel. The glass from the very base begins to expand rapidly. It is not characterized by smooth transitions, which distinguish other types. It visually resembles a triangle. The product has a thin leg. This is the only glass that allows the drinkers not to feel the temperature of the contents with their fingers and thus not to heat it.
Highball – one of the most popular glasses nowadays. It has a cylindrical shape, and the volume of highballs is usually 240-350 ml.
Glass is designed for both non-alcoholic and alcoholic cocktails. In addition, such a glass is suitable for a large number of soft drinks, so it is versatile and perhaps irreplaceable in any bar.
Drinks like “longdrink” with ice and soda are convenient to drink from highballs. In cafes and bars, you can often see juice, mineral water or soda in a “highball” glass.
DESSERT WINE GLASSES
Served with dessert wines, Madeira, Porto and sherry. The vessel of 0.5-1.0 cm should be filled to the edge. Glass capacity of 75-100 ml.
KIELISZKI DO WHISKY "SNIFTER"
Snifter czyli kieliszek do whisky. Kształt sniftera (od angielskiego słowa „sniff”) został zaprojektowany specjalnie w celu ukazania wszystkich odcieni koniaku. Kubek kieliszka idealnie układa się w dłoni, której ciepło w pełni ujawnia złożony aromat napoju.
Szkło jest wypełnione do wysokości równej najszerszej części szkła. Snifery służą do: brandy, koniaku, calvados i armaniaku. Pojemność kieliszka 250-875 ml.
A whiskey vessel is usually a straight, wide glass with a thick bottom in the shape of a hexagon or octagon. Such a glass is filled in 1/3, the rest of the volume is filled with ice or soda. You can also drink pure whiskey. Glass capacity of 300 ml.
The vessel for beer varies in shape from glass to soft drinks. The vessel for beer resembles an elongated barrel with a narrow neck or resembles an elegant glass in the shape of a tulip. Glass capacity of 300-500 ml.
Served with vodka, cordials and liqueurs. A vessel with a straight section without a leg. It is filled without reaching the edge by 0.5 cm. Glass capacity of 50 ml.